百家姓 The Hundred Family Surnames

Hundred Family Surnames 百家姓 with Pinyin

The Hundred Family Surnames <<百家姓>> is a classic Chinese text written in the tenth century. The original list consists of 411 surnames, but was expanded to 504 surnames. 60 of these are duo-character surnames. The text is arranged in a poetic manner – lines of eight characters – to facilitate memorization by school children. The first four surnames – 赵, 钱, 孙, 李 – are believed to represent the most important families in the empire at that time. Other than this, the surnames are not arranged in commonality.

The Three Character Classic <<三字经>>, The Hundred Family Surnames <<百家姓>>, and The Thousand Character Classic <<千字文>> are prominently known as San Bai Qian <<三百千>>, from the first Chinese character in their respective titles. These three texts are widely used in China in the past to educate children on basic Mandarin literacy, and most importantly, the deep and rich Chinese culture that are described within these classics.

Below is the copy in Simplified Chinese with Pinyin of the timeless classic.

<<百家姓>>
The Hundred Family Surnames


zhào

qián

sūn


zhōu


zhèng

wáng

féng

chén

chǔ

wèi

jiǎng

shěn

hán

yáng

zhū

qín

yóu




shī

zhāng

kǒng

cáo

yán

huà

jīn

wèi

táo

jiāng


xiè

zōu


bǎi

shuǐ

dòu

zhāng

yún


pān



fàn

péng

láng


wéi

chāng


miáo

fèng

huā

fāng


rèn

yuán

liǔ

fēng

bào

shǐ

táng

fèi

lián

cén

xuē

léi



tāng

téng

yīn

luó


hǎo


ān

cháng

yuè


shí



biàn


kāng



yuán



mèng

píng

huáng



xiāo

yǐn

yáo

shào

zhàn

wāng


máo




bèi

míng

zāng



chéng

dài

tán

sòng

máo

páng

xióng


shū


xiàng

zhù

dǒng

liáng


ruǎn

lán

mǐn




qiáng

jiǎ


lóu

wēi

jiāng

tóng

yán

guō

méi

shèng

lín

diāo

zhōng


qiū

luò

gāo

xià

cài

tián

fán


líng

huò


wàn

zhī


zǎn

guǎn



jīng

fáng

qiú

miào

gān

xiè

yīng

zōng

dīng

xuān

bēn

dèng


shàn

háng

hóng

bāo

zhū

zuǒ

shí

cuī


niǔ

gōng

chéng


xíng

huá

péi


róng

wēng

xún

yáng


huì

zhēn


jiā

fēng

ruì
羿

chǔ

jìn


bǐng


sōng

jǐng

duàn




jiāo


gōng


kuí

shān


chē

hóu


péng

quán


bān

yǎng

qiū

zhòng


gōng

nìng

qiú

luán

bào

gān

tǒu


róng




liú

jǐng

zhān

shù

lóng


xìng


sháo

gào




yìn
宿

bái
怀
huái


tái

cóng

è

suǒ

xián


lài

zhuó

lìn


méng

chí

qiáo

yīn



nài

cāng

shuāng

wén

shēn

dǎng

zhái

tán

gòng

láo

páng


shēn



rǎn

zǎi


yōng



sāng

guì


niú
寿
shòu

tōng

biān


yān


jiá


shàng

nóng

wēn

bié

zhuāng

yàn

chái


yán

chōng


lián



huàn

ài


róng

xiàng



shèn


liào


zhōng



héng



gěng

mǎn

hóng

kuāng

guó

wén

kòu
广
guǎng


quē

dōng

ōu

shū



wèi

yuè

kuí

lóng

shī

gǒng

shè

niè

cháo

gōu

áo

róng

lěng


xīn

kàn


jiǎn

ráo

kōng

zēng


shā

niè

yǎng



fēng

cháo

guān

kuǎi

xiàng

zhā

hòu

jīng

hóng

yóu

zhú

quán


gài


huán

gōng
万俟
mòqí
司马
sīmǎ
上官
shàngguān
欧阳
ōuyáng
夏侯
xiàhóu
诸葛
zhūgě
闻人
wénrén
东方
dōngfāng
赫连
hèlián
皇甫
huángpǔ
尉迟
yùchí
公羊
gōngyáng
澹台
tántái
公冶
gōngyě
宗政
zōngzhèng
濮阳
púyáng
淳于
chúnyú
单于
chányú
太叔
tàishū
申屠
shēntú
公孙
gōngsūn
仲孙
zhòngsūn
轩辕
xuānyuán
令狐
lìnghú
钟离
zhōnglí
宇文
yǔwén
长孙
zhǎngsūn
慕容
mùróng
鲜于
xiānyú
闾丘
lǘqiū
司徒
sītú
司空
sīkōng
亓官
qíguān
司寇
sīkòu

zhǎng

子车
zǐjū
颛孙
zhuānsūn
端木
duānmù
巫马
wūmǎ
公西
gōngxī
漆雕
qīdiāo
乐正
yuèzhèng
壤驷
rǎngsì
公良
gōngliáng
拓跋
tuòbá
夹谷
jiágǔ
宰父
zǎifǔ
榖梁
gǔliáng

jìn

chǔ

yán



yān


qīn
段干
duàngān
百里
bǎilǐ
东郭
dōngguō
南门
nánmén
呼延
hūqiū

guī

hǎi
羊舌
yángshé
微生
wēishēng

yuè

shuài

gōu

kàng

kuàng

hòu

yǒu

qín
梁丘
liángqiū
左丘
zuǒqiū
东门
dōngmén
西门
xīmén

shāng

móu

shé

nài


shǎng
南宫
nángōng



qiáo


nián

ài

yáng

tóng
第五
dìwǔ

yán

百家姓终
Bǎijiāxìngzhōng

The last four characters in red indicates the end of the list.

Here in Singapore, the top three most common surnames are 陈, 林, and 李.
Kudos to that! [My surname is Tan (陈chén) and our respected founding father of modern Singapore Lee Kuan Yew has the surname Lee (李lǐ)]

See related page
One Hundred Names – China Sage

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